How To Write Characters With Agency
While writing, one question you should always be asking yourself is
Does my protagonist have agency?
By agency, I mean making decisions that affect the plot significantly.
Protagonists should be active, not just reactive. It’s boring to read a book about things happening to a character and them reacting to them; make sure that your characters are constantly making choices that affect the course of the story, driving the plot forward!
It sounds obvious, but it can be revealing to look at your work and examine what actions your protagonist actually make. Especially think of this with female characters; ‘strong female characters’ don’t just punch people and wield swords, they make decisions that affect the narrative outcome.